Gender Responsiveness Assessment Scale (GRAS) and the elements of good practice for gender mainstreaming (GM) used
Potentially transformative as there is a focus on masculinity and transforming stereotypes around masculinity and violence. The programme provides grassroots interventions to change men’s behaviour and attitudes. Most of the male-led institutions from which men are engaged (e.g. the police) still enforce existing power dynamics that perpetuate partner violence, requiring training in gender sensitivity, consciousness-raising on violence against women and appreciation of the law. Other good practice aspects include evaluation of the MPP both process and lessons learned. Initial results have shown an increased level of awareness about domestic violence among men, faster action indomestic violence cases by men in authority and male-led counselling of men caught in the cycle of domestic violence. For example, 76 perpetrators of violence (36 in old areas and 40 in new areas) were counselled; and monthly CMG reports indicated that success occurred in 65 per cent; and of the 50 cases,about half had stopped physically abusing their spouses. Moreover, in 2008, about 6,322 (3,524 from old communes and 2,798 in new programme areas) were reached through information campaigns, fliers or house-to-house visits.
Lessons learned include:
- Gender-aware men in institutions mandated to protect and provide services to abused women will support women to claim their basic rights.
- Peer-to-peer strategy works.
- Vetting members of the community men’s group is crucial. The bar for CMG members’ conduct privately, publicly and especially around gender-based violence – is high because they play significant roles in prescribing behavioural changes for other men. Thus, strict criteria for CMG selection is imperative.
The MPP has some lessons learned that might beapplied by the health sector in terms of training and capacity building for more gender-aware health professionals. The health system in most countries is also still predominantly male led. Finally the example underlines the importance of multisectoral action as part of gender mainstreaming efforts. The MPP is not led by the health sector but there are co-benefits to health from working with other sectors in this way to tackle gender-based violence.