Gender Responsiveness Assessment Scale (GRAS) and the elements of good practice for gender mainstreaming (GM) used
Gender-specific with potential for gender-transformative. Recognises the need to address gender norms, roles and relations by engaging men while empowering women. Recommended activities include challenging norms, roles and relations that are harmful to men and women’s health. The argument is made that reproductive health initiatives that engage boys and men as agents of positive change can help to challenge dominant gender norms and contribute to improving GE and the SRHR context for all. The roundtable discussion highlighted the importance of engaging men and boys as clients, partners and as key agents of change. This includes the promotion of gender equitable fatherhood, advocacy against discriminatory laws and policies, changing attitudes and behaviours that are a cause and consequence of sexual and gender-based violence and women’s inequality. The report itself provides a succinct analysis of the barriers (gender, high level, service and interpersonal) for men and boys in taking action to improve their SRH and that of their families and communities.A wide range of stakeholders were involved inidentifying the issues around engagement. The report includes 14 recommendations and examples of specific interventions or initiatives around greater engagement of men and boys in SRHR from the Region. For example, community-based SRHR education programmes delivered by trained facilitators such as male-to-male peers, using ‘edutainment’ (Vanuatu), sports and religious groups, and engage and train male SRHR ‘champions’ to assist in demystifying myths associated with male-specific reproductive services and encourage other men to take responsibility for the development of healthy families. One of the findings was that in PNG, young men reported that sexeducation programmes are too disease-focused and didactic. In addition, there is little information available about other methods of contraception beyond condoms.